Standard referral pathways for tinnitus patients. The most commonly reported standard referral routes for tinnitus patients are shown. Note, not all pathways are shown. The directional arrows show the percentage of respondents who reported that their patients follow each stage of referral. Referrals to clinical psychology were reported to originate from any of the other clinical settings, and was included as part of the standard referral pathway in 18% of responses. The double-sided arrow indicates that in some cases the pathway continued on from clinical psychology to other medical services.