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Table 3 The Proportion of Those Using Government Primary Care, Hospital Outpatients and Private Doctor Services in the Last Three Months That Reported Having Incurred Any Out-Of-Pocket Expenses For Use Of That Service, by Site And Service

From: Equity in the delivery of community healthcare to older people: findings from 10/66 Dementia Research Group cross-sectional surveys in Latin America, China, India and Nigeria

Sites Government Primary Care Hospital outpatient Private Doctor Weighted proportion of consultations requiring out of pocket payments
Cuba 6/1012 (0.6%) 8/659 (1.3%) n/a 0.8%
Dominican Republic 61/222 (27.5%) 185/453 (40.8%) 303/409 (74.1%) 50.6%
Puerto Rico 13/198 (6.6%) 0/20 (0.0%) 150/1461 (10.3%) 9.7%
Peru urban 45/155 (29.0%) 44/450 (9.8%) 100/147 (68.0%) 26.5%
Peru rural 44/66 (66.7%) 15/90 (16.7%) 10/13 (76.9%) 40.8%
Venezuela 25/443 (5.6%) 13/450 (2.9%) 389/574 (67.8%) 29.1%
Mexico urban 57/362 (15.7%) 53/259 (20.5%) 177/197 (89.8%) 35.1%
Mexico rural 123/410 (30.0%) 23/111 (20.7%) 171/186 (91.9%) 44.8%
China urban 240/242 (99.2%) 269/271 (99.3%) 1/1 (100%) 99.2%
China rural 38/38 (100%) 22/22 (100%) 3/3 (100%) 100.0%
India urban 11/41 (26.2%) 16/124 (12.9%) 403/417 (96.6%) 73.9%
India rural 20/185 (10.8%) 84/307 (27.4%) 457/473 (96.6%) 58.1%
Nigeria 11/25 (44.0%) 72/108 (66.6%) 41/75 (54.7%) 59.6%
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