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Table 2 Use of Healthcare Services, by study site

From: Equity in the delivery of community healthcare to older people: findings from 10/66 Dementia Research Group cross-sectional surveys in Latin America, China, India and Nigeria

   Community Healthcare Services   
Centres n Gov't Primary Care Hospital outpatient Private Doctor Other Services Traditional Healer Any Community Medical Service* Hospital Admission Dentist
        Crude prevalence Standardised prevalence (95% CI)   
Cuba
MV† = 6
2944 1012
(34.4%)
659
(22.4%)
4
(0.1%)
189
(6.4%)
13
(0.4%)
1465
(49.9%)
50.4%
(48.7-52.2%)
62
(2.1%)
181 (6.2%)
Dominican Republic
MV = 2
2011 222
(11.0%)
453
(22.5%)
409
(20.4%)
35
(1.7%)
5
(0.3%)
960
(47.8%)
45.0%
(42.7-47.2%)
61
(3.0%)
87
(4.3%)
Puerto Rico
MV = 6
2008 198
(9.9%)
20
(1.0%)
1461
(72.8%)
8
(0.4%)
0
(0.0%)
1639
(81.9%)
79.8%
(78.0-81.6%)
107
(5.3%)
320
(16.0%)
Peru urban
MV = 1
1381 155
(11.2%)
451
(32.7%)
147
(10.7%)
39
(2.8%)
5
(0.4%)
670
(48.6%)
48.1%
(45.6-50.6%)
31
(2.2%)
90
(6.5%)
Peru rural
MV = 1
552 66
(12.0%)
90
(16.3%)
13
(2.4%)
5
(0.9%)
5
(0.9%)
155
(28.1%)
29.3%
(25.7-32.9%)
3
(0.5%)
12
(2.2%)
Venezuela
MV = 33
1965 443
(22.9%)
450
(23.3%)
574
(29.7%)
147
(7.6%)
14
(0.7%)
1211
(62.7%)
60.3%
(58.1-62.5%)
77
(4.0%)
156
(8.1%)
Mexico urban
MV = 0
1003 362
(36.1%)
259
(25.8%)
197
(19.6%)
60
(6.0%)
17
(1.7%)
721
(71.9%)
70.2%
(67.5-72.9%)
22
(2.2%)
118
(11.8%)
Mexico rural
MV = 0
1000 410
(41.0%)
111
(11.1%)
186
(18.6%)
45
(4.5%)
33
(3.3%)
646
(64.6%)
63.3%
(60.4-66.2%)
16
(1.6%)
36
(3.6%)
China urban
MV = 0
1160 242
(20.9%)
271
(23.4%)
1
(0.1%)
2
(0.2%)
3
(0.3%)
448
(38.6%)
32.4%
(29.9-34.8%)
28
(2.4%)
13
(1.1%)
China rural
MV = 0
1002 38
(3.8%)
22
(2.2%)
3
(0.3%)
1
(0.1%)
0
(0.0%)
61
(6.1%)
8.7%
(6.3-11.1%)
5
(0.5%)
0
(0.0%)
India urban
MV = 1
1005 42
(4.2%)
124
(12.3%)
417
(41.5%)
8
(0.8%)
3
(0.3%)
566
(56.4%)
61.5%
(58.7-64.3%)
10
(1.0%)
3
(0.3%)
India rural
MV = 0
999 185
(18.5%)
307
(30.7%)
473
(47.3%)
185
(18.5%)
82
(8.2%)
677
(67.8%)
61.1%
(57.5-64.7%)
17
(1.7%)
86
(8.6%)
Nigeria
MV = 20
914 25
(2.7%)
108
(12.1%)
75
(8.4%)
41
(4.6%)
83
(9.3%)
272
(30.4%)
42.5%
(37.9-47.2%)
40
(4.5%)
6
(0.7%)
  1. * Defined as any reported use in the three months prior to the survey of government primary care, hospital outpatient, private doctor, traditional healer and other community medical services
  2. Direct standardisation (using the entire pooled sample as the external standard population) for the effects of age group, sex, number of physical impairments, and dementia and depression diagnoses
  3. † MV = Number of missing values
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