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Table 1 Participants' Socio-Demographic and Health Characteristics

From: Equity in the delivery of community healthcare to older people: findings from 10/66 Dementia Research Group cross-sectional surveys in Latin America, China, India and Nigeria

Variable Cuba Dominican Republic Puerto Rico Peru
urban
Peru
Rural
Venezuela Mexico urban Mexico rural China urban China rural India urban India
rural
Nigeria
Response rate (%) 94 95 93 80 88 80 84 86 74 96 72 98 98
Achieved sample (n) 2944 2011 2008 1381 552 1965 1003 1000 1160 1002 1005 999 914
Age in years (MV*) 7 0 0 1 0 4 1 0 0 0 4 0 0
   Mean (SD) 75.1
(7.0)
75.3
(7.5)
76.3
(7.4)
75.0
(7.4)
74.2
(7.3)
72.3
(6.9)
74.5
(6.6)
74.1
(6.7)
73.9
(6.2)
72.4
(6.0)
71.3
(6.1)
72.6
(5.8)
72.7
(7.6)
Gender (MV) 0 2 6 0 0 33 0 0 0 0 15 0 0
   Female (%) 1913
(65.0%)
1325
(65.9%)
1347
(67.3%)
888
(64.3%)
295
(53.4%)
1226
(63.5%)
666
(66.4%)
602
(60.2%)
661
(57.0%)
556
(55.5%)
571
(57.7%)
545
(54.6%)
539
(59.0%)
Education (MV) 8 19 9 8 8 40 2 0 0 0 2 0 6
   Did not complete primary education (%) 730
(24.9%)
1414
(71.0%)
461
(23.1%)
127
(9.3%)
225
(41.3%)
601
(31.2%)
581
(58.1%)
837
(83.7%)
385
(33.2%)
693
(69.2%)
662
(66.0%)
855
(85.6%)
678
(74.2%)
Marital status (MV) 8 15 6 10 1 45 0 1 0 0 3 0 67
   Currently married (%) 1271 (43.3%) 586
(29.4%)
967 (48.3%) 784 (57.2%) 308 (55.9%) 921
(48.0%)
470 (46.9%) 538 (53.9%) 829
(71.5%)
585
(58.4%)
523
(52.2%)
481
(48.1%)
581
(68.6%)
Coresidence (MV) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0  
   Living with children (%) 1422
(48.3%)
963
(47.9%)
611
(30.4%)
890
(64.4%)
326
(59.1%)
1578
(80.3%)
565
(56.3%)
523
(52.3%)
446
(38.4%)
679
(67.8%)
719
(71.5%)
625
(62.6%)
Number of assets (MV) 8 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 4 0  
   Median (interquartile range) 6
(5-6)
5
(4-6)
7
(6-7)
6
(6-6)
5
(4-6)
6
(6-7)
6
(6-7)
4
(3-6)
5
(5-6)
6
(5-7)
4
(3-5)
3
(2-4)
Pension coverage (MV) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   Disclosed government and/or occupational pension (%) 2417
(82.1%)
611
(30.4%)
1051
(52.3%)
908
(65.7%)
357
(64.7%)
1147
(58.4%)
729
(72.7%)
254
(25.4%)
1050
(90.5%)
38
(3.8%)
117
(11.6%)
346
(34.6%)
9
(1.0%)
Health Insurance coverage (MV)   4 6 8 1 62 0 0 1 0 5 0 79
   Possess health insurance (%) n/a 430
(21.4%)
1909
(95.4%)
1111
(80.5%)
399
(72.3%)
862
(43.9%)
546
(54.4%)
280
(28.0%)
14
(1.2%)
769
(76.8%)
13
(1.3%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(0.1%)
Dementia (MV) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   10/66 or DSM-IV criteria (%) 323 (11.0%) 242
(12.0%)
233 (11.6%) 130 (9.4%) 36
(6.5%)
145
(7.4%)
93
(9.3%)
87
(8.7%)
84
(7.2%)
56
(5.6%)
75
(7.5%)
108
(10.8%)
87 §
(9.5%)
Depression (MV) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
   Any ICD-10 depressive episode (%) 144
(4.9%)
278
(13.8%)
47
(2.3%)
87
(6.3%)
16
(2.9%)
107
(5.5%)
47
(4.7%)
45
(4.5%)
3
(0.3%)
7
(0.7%)
39
(3.9%)
126
(12.6%)
5
(0.5%)
Physical impairments (MV) 6 2 6 1 1 33 0 0 0 0 1 0 21
   Three or more (%) 292
(9.9%)
465
(23.1%)
429
(21.4%)
224
(16.2%)
40
(7.3%)
489
(24.9%)
158
(15.8%)
185
(18.5%)
208
(17.9%)
39
(3.9%)
41
(4.1%)
168
(16.8%)
10
(1.1%)
Mobility restriction (MV) 8 2 7 6 1 67 3 0 4 2 2 0 67
   Severe difficulty or cannot walk one km (%) 546 (18.6%) 439
(21.9%)
603
(30.1%)
143
(10.4%)
30
(5.4%)
204
(10.7%)
126
(12.6%)
146
(14.6%)
119
(10.3%)
51
(5.1%)
84
(8.4%)
225
(22.5%)
64
(7.6%)
  1. * MV = missing values;
  2. † ICD-10 = International Classification of Diseases (10th ed.)
  3. ‡ data on household composition and assets not available from the Nigerian centre
  4. § Impairment on two or more tests of memory (dementia diagnosis not available from Nigerian centre)
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