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Table 5 Maternal intervention rates and outcomes across obstetric service levels

From: Distance matters: a population based study examining access to maternity services for rural women

Service Level 240+ minutes from services 120-240 minutes from services 60-120 minutes from services Primary care Mixed model Specialist C/S Services P-Value
% of women who delivered at level 6 hospitals 75.5 67.2 86.5 30.6 18.8 95.8 < 0.001
% Epidural 19.8 17.3 16.6 13.6 17.8 23.7 < 0.001
% Induction (excl. women with planned CS) 17.4 28.4 23.5 22.0 25.5 24.4 < 0.001
% Logistics as reason for induction 2 2.1 1.5 0.7 0.2 0.3 < 0.001
% Episiotomy (vag deliveries only) 7.3 11.2 9.9 11.1 13.4 12.8 < 0.001
% CS (all types) 19 20.9 23 23.7 24.8 26.2 < 0.001
% Planned CS (primary and repeat) 5.5 8.0 8.2 9.3 9.6 9.8 0.006
% Assisted vag. delivery 6.1 6.2 7.5 8.0 9.0 7.9 0.014
% Unplanned out of hospital birth 1.4 0.3 2.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 < 0.001
Average PP length of stay (hours) 51.88 55.03 53.50 53.86 59.05 57.58 < 0.001
Average PP length of stay (hours) CS only 92.30 84.48 83.31 78.92 86.65 84.06 < 0.001
Average PP length of stay (hours) Vag delivery only 41.83 47.22 44.43 45.88 49.71 48.04 < 0.001