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Table 3 Neonatal outcomes compared across obstetric service levels

From: Distance matters: a population based study examining access to maternity services for rural women

Service Level 240+ minutes from services 120-240 minutes from services 60-120 minutes from services Primary care Mixed model Specialist C/S Services P-Value
% of deliveries at facilities with NICU beds 39.9 12.0 46.9 16.1 2.8 51.6 < 0.001
Perinatal mortality
per 1000 births
18 5 6 9 8 6 0.001
Birth weight < 2500 gr
per 1000 births
36 24 43 36 34 38 0.253
Gestational Age < 37 weeks
per 1000 births
86 71 86 63 65 71 0.004
NICU 2 admissions per 1000 births * 27 11 51 26 8 33 < 0.001
NICU 3 admissions per 1000 births* 4 5 8 3 2 3 0.004
NICU 2 days per 1000 births* 140 141 480 189 80 229 < 0.001
NICU 3 days per 1000 births* 8 179 100 24 34 42 0.007
  1. *NICU 2 and 3 data only available from 2001-2004