Skip to main content

Table 7 Associations of health centre level and individual level factors with follow-up of abnormal findings

From: Variation in quality of preventive care for well adults in Indigenous community health centres in Australia

  Dependent variables
Characteristic (independent variables) Follow-up of abnormal BP
(%)
Unadjusted Risk Ratios
(95% CI)
Adjusted Risk Ratios*
(95% CI)
Follow-up of abnormal urine tests
(%)
Unadjusted Risk Ratios
(95% CI)
Adjusted Risk Ratios*
(95% CI)
Follow-up of abnormal glucose tests (%) Unadjusted Risk Ratios
(95% CI)
Adjusted Risk Ratios*
(95% CI)
Regions          
NT Top End 13% Referent Referent 28% Referent Referent 29% Referent Referent
NT Central Australia 13% 0.9 (0.2,3.2) 1.5 (0.3,4.6) 40% 1.4 (0.5,2.7) 2.3 (0.9,3.2) 18% 0.6 (0.1,2.3) 0.6 (0.1,2.2)
Far West NSW 28% 2.1 (0.4,5.4) 0.9 (0.2,3.6) 0% - - 13% 0.5 (0.1,1.7) 0.5 (0.1,1.5)
WA 15% 1.2 (0.2,3.9) 1.2 (0.1,5.1) 0% - - 13% 0.5 (0.1,1.6) 0.6 (0.2,1.5)
North QLD 26% 2.0 (0.7,4.3) 4.1 (1.6,6.3) 42% 1.5 (0.8,2.3) 1.9 (0.8,2.9) 18% 0.6 (0.2,1.5) 0.8 (0.2,1.9)
Health centre level characteristics          
Locations          
   City 0% - - 17% Referent Referent 20% Referent Referent
   Regional town 25% Referent Referent 39% 2.3 (0.4,5.1) 4.7 (0.5,5.8) 15% 0.8 (0.2,1.9) 0.7 (0.2,1.9)
   Remote community 22% 0.9 (0.4,1.7) 0.6 (0.1,2.2) 33% 2.0 (0.3,4.7) 2.3 (0.1, 5.6) 22% 1.1 (0.4,2.3) 0.9 (0.2,2.4)
Health service governance          
   Government funded/operated 22% Referent Referent 38% Referent Referent 18% Referent Referent
Managed by local or regional Indigenous
committee or board
21% 0.9 (0.5,1.8) 2.5 (0.8,4.0) 22% 0.6 (0.2,1.2) 1.1 (0.4,1.9) 27% 1.5 (0.5,3.2) 1.5 (0.4,3.8)
General practice accreditation status          
   Not accredited 25% Referent Referent 37% Referent Referent 23% Referent Referent
   Currently accredited 15% 0.6 (0.3,1.1) 0.5 (0.2,1.1) 25% 0.7 (0.3,1.3) 0.4 (0.1,1.1) 16% 0.7 (0.3,1.4) 0.8 (0.3,1.5)
Sizes of populations served          
   ≤ 500 31% Referent Referent 28% Referent Referent 30% Referent Referent
   501-999 19% 0.6 (0.3,1.3) 0.5 (0.2,1.1) 34% 1.2 (0.6,2.1) 1.0 (0.5,1.8) 19% 0.7 (0.2,1.7) 0.7 (0.3,1.6)
   ≥ 1000 18% 0.6 (0.3,1.1) 0.8 (0.3,1.5) 36% 1.3 (0.6,2.2) 2.2 (0.9,3.0) 15% 0.5 (0.2,1.3) 0.6 (0.2,1.3)
Individual level characteristics          
Age (years)          
   15-24 17% Referent Referent 36% Referent Referent 15% Referent Referent
   25-39 19% 1.1 (0.4,2.5) 1.2 (0.4,2.7) 31% 0.9 (0.5,1.4) 0.9 (0.5,1.4) 25% 1.7 (0.9,2.7) 1.8 (0.9,2.9)
   40-54 25% 1.5 (0.6,2.8) 1.6 (0.7,3.1) 32% 0.9 (0.4,1.5) 0.9 (0.3,1.7) 22% 1.5 (0.9,2.3) 1.7 (0.9,2.8)
Sex          
   Males 22% Referent Referent 34% Referent Referent 20% Referent Referent
   Females 21% 1.0 (0.6,1.5) 0.9 (0.5,1.4) 33% 1.0 (0.6,1.5) 0.9 (0.5,1.5) 22% 1.1 (0.7,1.6) 1.1 (0.8,1.6)
  1. * Calculated using two-level random effects logistic regression models, with adjustment of other variables in the table. Odd Ratios generated from the models were converted into risk ratios using a published formula.[14]
  2. Risk ratios significant at 0.05 level are shown in bold.
\