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Table 3 Mean number of hospital stays in the 3 years following the decision to initiate continuing care in the groups with 0, 1, 2 or ≥3 hospital stays in the first year

From: Hospital and outpatient clinic utilization among older people in the 3-5 years following the initiation of continuing care: a longitudinal cohort study

Group First year Second year Third year p-valuea Post-hoc analyses b
0 hospital stay
Mean (SD)
(n = 437)
0.0 (0.0) 0.5 (1.0) 0.5 (1.1) < 0.001 A, B
1 hospital stay
Mean (SD)
(n = 118)
1.0 (0.0) 0.8 (1.3) 0.6 (1.2) 0.009 B
2 hospital stays Mean (SD)
(n = 56)
2.0 (0.0) 0.8 (1.5) 0.6 (1.1) < 0.001 A, B
≥3 hospital stays
Mean (SD)
(n = 65)
4.4 (2.2) 2.0 (2.5) 1.1 (2.3) < 0.001 A, B, C
  1. Those who died were excluded from the analysis
  2. a) Repeated measures (with Huyunh- Feldts correction)
  3. the Bonferroni method was used in the post-hoc analyses.
  4. b) Significant differences between: A = Years 1 and 2, B = Years 1 and 3, C = Years 2 and 3