Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the study population.

From: Medicaid expenditures for children living with smokers

Characteristic   0 Smokers in Home ≥1 Smoker in Home p-value
Child     
   Age 0-5 53% 55% .23
  6-11 47 45  
   Race White 66 70 <.001
  Black 27 22  
  Other 6 7  
   Ethnicity Hispanic 40 20 <.001
   Well-child care <75th percentile 64 65 .90
Family     
   Highest Parent Education <HS 9 6 <.001
  Some HS 20 25  
  HS 38 42  
  Some college 25 22  
  ≥ College 8 5  
   % Fed. Poverty Level <100% 42 48 <.001
  100-399% 56 49  
  >400% 3 3  
   Both parents in household   55 49 <.001
   Urban   82 77 <.001
   Census Region Northeast 15 17 <.001
  South 41 40  
  Midwest 14 24  
  West 30 19  
   Mother's age <25 23 31 <.001
  25-34 50 46  
  35-44 23 20  
  ≥45 4 3