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Table 2 Sample characteristics, ward variables

From: A cross-sectional prospective study of seclusion, restraint and involuntary medication in acute psychiatric wards: patient, staff and ward characteristics

Ward variables:  
Acute wards 28
Admission wards 4
Mean number of beds 11 (SD = 3.5)
Mean staff to bed ratio 3.5 (SD = 0.8)
Wards in urban areaa 8
Wards in rural area 24
Staff Attitude to Coercion Scaleb  
Coercion as offending (mean, SD) 2.86 (SD = .24)
Coercion as care & security (mean, SD) 4.21 (SD = 1.6)
Coercion as treatment (mean, SD) 2.45 (SD = .21)
  1. aWard in city with more than 100 000 inhabitants
  2. bScale from 1 to 5 with higher ratings for greater agreement with attitude (mean score for wards)