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Table 1 Sample characteristics of total sample and involuntary admitted patients

From: A cross-sectional prospective study of seclusion, restraint and involuntary medication in acute psychiatric wards: patient, staff and ward characteristics

Patient variables: Total sample:
3462 (100%)
Involuntary adm:
1214 (35%)
Mean age (SD) 40 (SD = 15.5) 40 (SD = 16.7)
Sex (female/male) % in brackets 1710/1752 (49/50) 587/625 (48/52)
Norwegian background 3077 (89%) 1053 (88%)
Not Norwegian background 350 (10%) 144 (12%)
Not having own home 715 (21%) 305 (25%)
Previous contact with MH services 2572 (74%) 864 (72%)
GAFS at admission (mean, SD)a 36 (12) 31 (11)
GAFF at admission (mean, SD)a 38 (11) 34 (11)
F 20-29 diagnosis (ICD-10) 831 (24%) 460 (41%)
Health of the Nation Outcome Scales mean (SD) mean (SD)
HoNOS 1 (overactive & aggressive)b .96 (1.23) 1.47 (1.37)
HoNOS 2 (self-injury & suicidal) .96 (1.35) .77 (1.30)
HoNOS 3 (drinking & drugs) 1.09 (1.45) 1.02 (1.45)
HoNOS 4 (cognitive problems) .91 (1.13) 1.24 (1.29)
HoNOS 5 (physical illness & disability) .67 (1.08) .65 (1.07)
HoNOS 6 (hallucinations & delusions) 1.35 (1.44) 2.02 (1.47)
HoNOS 7 (depressed mood) 1.65 (1.23) 1.25 (1.26)
  1. a Global Assessment of Function, Scale from 0 to 100 with lower ratings for more severe problems
  2. bScale from 0 to 4 with higher ratings for more severe problems