Skip to main content

Table 4 Changes in outcomes of care

From: Application of a theoretical model to evaluate COPD disease management

Outcome indicator Baseline
(Mean ± SD)
12 months
(Mean ± SD)
Change
(95% CI)
p-value
Quality of life     
CRQ (scale 1-7)     
   CRQ (dyspnoea) 5.68 (± 1.33) 5.70 (± 1.33) 0.02 (-0.13; 0.16) 0.823
   CRQ (emotional function) 5.39 (± 1.05) 5.34 (± 1.10) -0.04 (-0.19; 0.10) 0.551
   CRQ (fatigue) 4.79 (± 1.27) 4.85 (± 1.27) 0.53 (-0.10; 0.21) 0.515
   CRQ (mastery) 5.63 (± 1.07) 5.64 (± 1.07) 0.01 (-0.17; 0.19) 0.895
CCQ (total)* (scale 0-6) 1.38 (± 0.84) 1.45 (± 0.92) 0.07 (-0.05; -0.19) 0.237
   CCQ (symptoms) 1.86 (± 0.94) 1.83 (± 1.03) -0.03 (-0.17; -0.11) 0.686
   CCQ (functional) 1.34 (± 1.11) 1.47 (± 1.16) 0.13 (-0.02; 0.28) 0.087
   CCQ (mental state) 0.54 (± 0.83) 0.66 (± 0.86) 0.11 (-0.02; 0.24) 0.088
Health Status (VAS) (scale 0-10) 6.99 (± 1.34) 6.97 (± 1.54) -0.03 (-0.22; 0.16) 0.758
Symptoms     
Dyspnoea (MRC) (scale 0-5)* 1.61 (± 1.06) 1.30 (± 1.07) -0.31 (-0.47; -0.15) < 0.001
Dyspnoea (Borg) (scale 0-10)* 2.42 (± 1.62) 2.01 (± 1.28) -0.41(-0.65; -0.17) 0.001
Lung function (FEV1 % predicted) 76.93 (± 17.96) 73.59 (± 18.53) -3.34 (-4.94; -1.75) < 0.001
Patient experiences     
General practitioner (scale 0-10) 6,95 (± 1.69) 7,00 (± 1.70) 0.46 (-0.32; 0.41) 0.804
Practice nurse (scale 0-10) 5,60 (± 1.87) 7,15 (± 1.44) 1.55 (0.82; 2.28) < 0.001
  1. * Negative change means improvement; Positive change means improvement