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Table 2 Process improvement

From: Application of a theoretical model to evaluate COPD disease management

Dimension

Baseline

(Mean ± SD)

12 months

(Mean ± SD)

Change

(95% CI)

p-value

Patient-related (Self-management support)

5.97 (± 2.44)

6.93 (± 2.11)

0.95 (-0.46; 2.36)

0.163

Professional-directed (Decision support)

6.88 (± 1.40)

7.86 (± 1.63)

0.98 (-0.13; 2.09)

0.079

Organisational (Delivery system design)

6.67 (± 1.45)

7.97 (± 1.51)

1.30 (0.35; 2.24)

0.012*

Organisational (Clinical information system)

5.83 (± 1.17)

7.03 (± 1.23)

1.20 (0.68; 1.73)

0.000*

  1. Positive change means improvement