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Table 1 Hospital characteristics*

From: Comparing public and private hospitals in China: Evidence from Guangdong

  Government
(N = 212)
Nongovernment nonprofit
(N = 79)
Private for-profit
(N = 71)
P-value
Rural (%) 27.8
(44.9)
24.0
(43.0)
19.7
(40.1)
0.1642
Acute-care (%) 83.0
(37.6)
62.0
(48.8)
71.8
(45.3)
0.0064
Jibie (Hospital accreditation level):     0.0000
Not classified 32.4 75.0 87.3  
Level 1 21.9 5.3 9.9  
Level 2 32.4 18.4 2.8  
Level 3 (highest) 13.3 1.3 0.0  
Average number of beds 256.3
(308.4)
124.0
(155.9)
66.8
(114.0)
0.0000
Value of total hospital assets (RMB) 15,935.6
(29,091.3)
2,208.3
(3,080.0)
2,717.3
(11,831.5)
0.0000
Number of machines valued over 10,000 RMB 310.0
(611.7)
44.7
(63.5)
41.3
(70.7)
0.0000
Staffing (averages):     
Number of employees 355.1
(420.7)
120.1
(134.1)
89.0
(109.9)
0.0000
Number of physicians 114.1
(134.0)
32.8
(37.7)
24.0
(29.6)
0.0000
Number of nurses 115.8
(152.3)
32.9
(47.1)
24.8
(44.1)
0.0000
Number of pharmacists 23.6
(27.4)
7.3
(8.1)
4.8
(5.3)
0.0000
Patient volume (averages):     
Inpatient admissions 7,138.1
(8,395.0)
1,326.5
(3,081.4)
1,060.6
(3,139.7)
0.0000
Total outpatient visits 3,72,521.2
(4,19,051.5)
60,006.18
(83,287.9)
48,010.68
(1,12,454.4)
0.0000
Internal medicine 91,391.4
(1,29,503.7)
18,990.6
(31,165.4)
12,534.8
(28,439.2)
0.0000
Surgery 28,471.6
(41,400.0)
5,623.1
(8,904.8)
8,365.1
(18,076.1)
0.0000
Ob/Gyn 42,820.8
(51,862.3)
6,446.8
(11,973.2)
8,423.5
(23,649.6)
0.0000
Pediatrics 31,387.0
(79,364.0)
3,051.6
(6,022.9)
4,107.3
(11,671.7)
0.0000
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) 38,047.7
(68,017.8)
5,998.2
(9,839.4)
2,399.8
(4,128.2)
0.0000
Emergency room (ER) visits 42,532.5
(48,046.8)
7,711.5
(14,863.1)
6,158.5
(17,050.1)
0.0000
Average occupancy rate (%) 70.4
(33.5)
39.0
(32.9)
39.9
(35.0)
0.0000
Average length of stay (days) 22.0
(159.0)
61.2
(212.7)
14.6
(56.6)
0.8449
Average inpatient mortality rate (per 1000 admissions) 18.0248
(29.8192)
37.9922
(113.1023)
9.8640
(33.9575)
0.8337
  1. Note:The table reports variable means and standard deviations (in parentheses) for all variables except for jibie (hospital accreditation level), for which frequency is reported. The p-value column refers to the p-value on the coefficient of an ownership categorical variable (1, 2, 3) in a regression with the row variable as the dependent variable. A p-value of 0.0000 indicates that the p-value was less than 0.00005.