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Table 4 Adjusted prevalence of being at LDL goal for those on statins (N = 537), without (Model I) and with (Model II) adjustment for access/utilization.

From: Cholesterol treatment with statins: Who is left out and who makes it to goal?

  Model I Model II
Social Risk Factor AME 95% CI P AME 95% CI P
Age group         
   35-44 5.12 -17.93 28.17 0.66 4.26 -18.14 26.66 0.71
   45-54 13.19 -4.48 30.85 0.14 11.59 -5.69 28.87 0.19
   55-64 -5.49 -19.88 8.89 0.45 -4.63 -16.30 7.04 0.44
   ≥ 65 (reference)         
Female 14.07 8.95 19.20 <0.01 13.93 8.39 19.46 <0.01
Race/Ethnicity         
   White (reference)         
   Black -6.38 -23.19 10.43 0.46 -4.91 -18.10 8.28 0.47
   Hispanic -1.83 -19.18 15.52 0.84 -2.33 -19.42 14.77 0.79
   Other 3.70 -27.17 34.58 0.81 1.63 -25.83 29.10 0.91
Federal Poverty Level (%)         
   <100 (reference)         
   100-149 13.80 -4.26 31.87 0.13 13.84 -1.42 29.10 0.08
   149-199 19.23 -1.77 40.23 0.07 18.02 1.65 34.39 0.03
   200-299 26.63 11.96 41.30 <0.01 26.22 11.86 40.58 <0.01
   300-499 28.50 15.50 41.50 <0.01 27.47 14.63 40.30 <0.01
   ≥ 500 31.54 20.80 42.29 <0.01 31.68 21.99 41.37 <0.01
Education (years)         
   <12 (reference)         
   12 -7.56 -24.18 9.07 0.37 -6.32 -20.02 7.39 0.37
   >12 -4.95 -20.10 10.19 0.52 -3.89 -17.12 9.34 0.56
  1. Notes: AME = adjusted average marginal effect, adjusted% difference from reference group; CI = confidence interval. Age group 21-35 omitted due to empty cells. All analyses adjusted for survey year. Model II also adjusted for insurance, preferred language, usual source of care, and visit number. Source: NHANES 1999-2006.