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Table 6 SES differences in use of OOPS for respondents and other household members

From: Investigating determinants of out-of-pocket spending and strategies for coping with payments for healthcare in southeast Nigeria

  Respondents n (%) Other household members n (%)
Abakiliki N (%) N (%)
Q1 (most poor) 47 (22) 52 (20)
Q2 (very poor) 60 (29) 61 (22)
Q3 (poor) 45 (21) 76 (29)
Q4 (least poor) 58 (28) 76 (29)
Chi-square 7.16* 24.21***
Poor-rich ratio 0.81 0.68
Concentration index 0.03 0.10
Ezilo   
Q1 (most poor) 46 (22) 42 (20)
Q2 (very poor) 48 (23) 48 (24)
Q3 (poor) 59 (29) 57 (28)
Q4 (least poor) 52 (26) 57 (28)
Chi-square 4.25 7.32*
Poor-rich ratio 0.88 0.74
Concentration index 0.04 0.06
Nkalagu   
Q1 (most poor) 65(24) 63 (20)
Q2 (very poor) 61 (22) 76 (25)
Q3 (poor) 73 (27) 83 (27)
Q4 (least poor) 74 (27) 86 (28)
Chi-square 6.35* 22.55***
Poor-rich ratio 0.88 0.73
Concentration index 0.04 0.06
Eke-na-ene   
Q1 (most poor) 43 (23) 33 (21)
Q2 (very poor) 45 (25) 33 (21)
Q3 (poor) 51 (27) 47 (30)
Q4 (least poor) 45 (25) 44 (28)
Chi-square 2.35 9.38
Poor-rich ratio 0.50 0.03**
Concentration index 0.01 0.03
Enugu   
Q1 (most poor) 74 (24) 64 (22)
Q2 (very poor) 80 (26) 74 (25)
Q3 (poor) 78 (25) 76 (25)
Q4 (least poor) 78 (25) 83 (28)
Chi-square 2.66 16.14***
Poor-rich ratio 0.9 0.77
Concentration index 0.01 0.05
Udi   
Q1 (most poor) 32 (28) 24 (20)
Q2 (very poor) 26 (23) 22 (19)
Q3 (poor) 30 (27) 34 (29)
Q4 (least poor) 25 (22) 38 (32)
Chi-square 0.90 10.00**
Poor-rich ratio 1.28 0.63
Concentration index -0.02 0.13
  1. Note: * = p < 0.10; ** = p < 0.05; and ***p < 0.01