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Table 4 Payment mechanisms that were used to pay for healthcare for people that consumed healthcare services

From: Investigating determinants of out-of-pocket spending and strategies for coping with payments for healthcare in southeast Nigeria

Payment mechanism for the respondents
  Abakaliki (urban) Ezilo (semi-urban) Nkalagu (rural) Eke-na-ene (rural) Enugu (urban) Udi (semi-urban)
  N = 229 N = 244 N = 333 N = 209 N = 321 N = 174
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
OOPs 210 91.7 205 56.0 273 2.0 184 88.0 311 96.9 119 68.4
Reimbursement 6 2.6 7 4.6 19 5.7 6 2.9 2 0.6 15 8.6
Health insurance 0 0 3 0.8 1 0.3 1 0.5 3 0.9 7 4.0
Installment payment 0 0 15 4.1 17 5.1 18 8.6 24 7.5 30 17.2
In-kind 0 0 2 0.5 4 1.2 2 1.0 2 0.6 1 0.6
Others 13 5.7 9 2.4 19 5.7 9 4.4 9 2.7 2 1.2
Payment mechanism for other household members
  N = 268 N = 253 N = 349 N = 192 N = 326 N = 148
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
OOPS 265 98.9 204 80.6 308 88.3 157 81.8 298 91.4 118 79.7
Reimbursement 2 0.7 17 6.7 7 2.0 6 3.1 6 1.8 13 8.8
Health insurance 0 0 6 2.4 1 0.3 3 1.6 5 1.5 10 6.8
Installment 1 0.4 19 7.5 23 6.6 17 8.9 14 4.3 1 0.7
In-kind 0 0 1 0.4 3 0.9 0 0 0 0 1 0.7
Others 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0