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Table 1 Characteristics of health facilities and patients included in the sample

From: Measuring adherence to antiretroviral treatment in resource-poor settings: The feasibility of collecting routine data for key indicators

  Kenya Rwanda Uganda Ethiopia TOTAL
Facility Characteristics      
# facilities 20 (19) * 20 (18,17)** 19 20 79
Teaching/Referral Hospital 7 2 5 11 25
District Hospital 6 14 7 9 36
Faith-based Hospital 5 0 3 0 8
Health Center/Clinic 1 4 2 0 7
Other Hospital 1 0 2 0 3
  Median of facility mean
# of patients/week (facility minimum - maximum) 230 (48-1,525) 150 (30-750) 120 (31-2,045) 205 (40-750) 176 (30-2,045)
# of patients/hour/clinician (facility minimum - maximum) 2.2 (0.6-20) 1.9 (0.4-7.5) 2.0 (0.3-8.3) 2.0 (0.4-4.4) 2.0 (0.3-20)
Patient Exit Interviews      
# interviews 373 285 408 565 1,631
Age (years) 37.1 36.2 38.7 33.3 36.3
Percent female (facility minimum - maximum) 68 (38-77) 62 (47-73) 68 (46-74) 55 (14-70) 63 (14-77)
Months on treatment (facility minimum - maximum) 11 (5-34) 13 (8-27) 15 (5-27) 13 (7-20) 13 (5-34)
Record Reviews      
Total # of records examined 1998 2609*** 1693 1982 8282
# records 13 months post ART initiation 930 1255 -- -- --
# records 4 months post ART initiation 1060 1354 -- -- --
Age (years) (facility minimum - maximum) 37 (8-43) 37 (34-40) 37 (35-41) 33 (31-38) 36 (8-43)
Percent female (facility minimum - maximum) 68 (38-77) 62 (47-73) 68 (46-74) 55 (14-70) 63 (14-77)
Months on treatment (facility minimum - maximum) 10 (3-14) 13 (8-22) 10 (4-17) 6 (2-8) 10 (2-22)
% Patients with WHO Stage 3 or 4 at ART initiation -- -- 79 83 81
  1. * 20 facilities for pharmacy records, 19 for attendance and exit interviews
  2. ** 20 facilities for attendance, 18 for exit interviews, and 17 for dispensing records
  3. *** 1255 records counted for attendance and 1279 counted for dispensing, 1154 for gap of 30 days or more in dispensing
  4. --data not collected