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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of outcome and expenditure variables (N = 565)

From: Impact of home and community-based services on hospitalisation and institutionalisation among individuals eligible for long-term care insurance in Japan

  mean mediam standard devation maximum minimum
Observation period (months)* 1 19.5 13.2 20.1 94.9 0.03
Average monthly expenditures (yen)      
   Outpatient medical services 57,004 36,807 97,462 1,152,831 0
   Total home and community-based services* 2 25,560 15,657 34,637 255,009 0
   Home-visit type services* 3 8,002 0 23,682 210,097 0
   Day-care type services* 4 12,041 0 17,780 127,506 0
  1. *1 Time to hospitalisation, institutionalisation, death or censoring from the first certification of being eligible for long-term care insurance benefits.
  2. *2 Consists of Home-help, Home-visit bathing, Visiting nurse, Management & guidance, Day care, Day rehabilitation, Respite care and Rental services for assistive devices.
  3. *3 Consists of Home-help, Home-visit bathing, Visiting nurse and Management & guidance.
  4. *4 Consists of Day care and Day rehabilitation.