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Table 3 Stages of change in the transtheoretical model [according to 37]

From: Assessing hospitals' clinical risk management: Development of a monitoring instrument

Stage Behavioral change Adapted to measure the development stages at hospital level
Precontemplation
(Stage 1)
Not intending to take action within the next 6 months Not yet examined
Contemplation
(Stage 2)
Intending to take action within the next 6 months Examined, but so far no implementation plan
Preparation
(Stage 3)
Intending to take action in the next 30 days Implementation planned in the next 12 months
Action
(Stage 4)
Made overt changes less than 6 months ago Not systematically implemented
Maintenance
(Stage 5)
Made overt changes more than 6 months ago Systematically implemented/
Deliberate decision against implementation