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Table 5 Differences in scores across subgroups of respondents, adjusted for all variables in the table.

From: What doctors think about the impact of managed care tools on quality of care, costs, autonomy, and relations with patients

  Use of guidelines Gate-keeping Managed care network Second opinion Pay by salary Pay for performance Utilization review Selective contracting
Sex (p = 0.44) (p = 0.06) (p = 0.10) (p = 0.003) (p = 0.36) (p = 0.006) (p = 0.46) (p = 0.48)
   women (vs men) -0.03 -0.08 -0.07 -0.14 0.04 -0.12 0.02 -0.02
Age (vs >50 years) (p = 0.005) (p = 0.11) (p = 0.40) (p = 0.003) (p = 0.93) (p = 0.46) (p = 0.51) (p = 0.11)
   up to 35 0.13 0.15 0.08 -0.27 -0.02 -0.06 0.03 0.03
   36-50 0.17 0.10 0.07 -0.17 -0.02 -0.07 -0.03 -0.06
Practice setting (vs private practice) (p < 0.001) (p < 0.001) (p < 0.001) (p = 0.05) (p < 0.001) (p < 0.001) (p = 0.005) (p < 0.001)
   public in training 0.30 0.48 0.49 0.09 0.88 0.31 0.04 0.21
   public senior 0.37 0.33 0.58 0.17 0.79 0.46 0.18 0.32
Specialty (vs primary care) (p < 0.001) (p < 0.001) (p = 0.006) (p = 0.002) (p < 0.001) (p = 0.20) (p = 0.001) (p = 0.04)
   paediatricians 0.05 -0.23 -0.09 -0.11 -0.08 0.02 -0.01 -0.07
   psychiatrists -0.40 -0.69 -0.14 0.08 -0.14 -0.03 0.05 -0.11
   technical specialists -0.11 -0.60 -0.20 -0.11 -0.34 0.11 0.17 0.02
   internal medicine specialists -0.02 -0.52 -0.17 -0.18 -0.10 0.01 0.03 -0.05
Managed care network* (p = 0.43) (p < 0.001) (p < 0.001) (p = 0.27) (p = 0.53) (p = 0.16) (p = 0.48) (p = 0.33)
   yes (vs no) 0.06 0.50 0.58 0.09 0.05 0.11 0.04 0.05
  1. * "no" was imputed for doctors at the public hospital