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Table 1 Residents' characteristics: small-scale living and regular psychogeriatric wards

From: Small-scale, homelike facilities versus regular psychogeriatric nursing home wards: a cross-sectional study into residents' characteristics

  Small-scale Living Regular Wards p- Value
Age, mean ± SD (range) 82.72 ± .57 (61-101) 82.50 ± .30 (57-101) .73*
Gender, n (%)    .01
   Male 36 (19.7) 175 (29.9)  
   Female 146 (79.8) 407 (69.5)  
   Unknown 1 (.5) 4 (.4)  
Living condition prior to admission    .00
   Home 53 (29.0) 362 (61.8)  
   Home for the elderly 31 (16.9) 61 (10.4)  
   Nursing home 77 (42.1) 87 (14.8)  
   Other/Unknown 22 (12.0) 76 (13.0)  
Length of Stay, mean ± SD (range) 15.43 ± .57 (1-37) 32.56 ± 1.09 (1-190) .00*
Diagnosis of dementia    .33
   Yes 176 (96.2) 556 (94.9)  
   No 2 (1.1) 10 (1.7)  
   Unknown 5 (2.7) 20 (3.4)  
Care dependency§    .33†,¶
   DCSP ≥ 1 ≤ 5 121 (66.2) 386 (65.9)  
   DCSP ≥ 6 ≤ 8 46 (25.1) 177 (30.2)  
   DCSP = 9 3 (1.6) 1 (.2)  
   DCSP = 10 0 (.0) 12 (2.1)  
   Unknown 13 (7.1) 10 (1.6)  
Cognition#, mean ± SD (range) 3.52 ± .11 (0-6) 4.40 ± .06 (0-6) .00*
Functional Status#, mean ± SD (range) 3.26 ± .13 (0-6) 4.14 ± .06 (0-6) .00*
  1. * Data were analyzed using independent t-tests.
  2. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square tests.
  3. as measured in months
  4. § DCSP = Dutch Care Severity Package; scores 1-5 represent a relatively low level of care dependency, scores 6-8 represent a relatively high level of care dependency, score 9 represents rehabilitation care and score 10 represents terminal care.
  5. Chi-square is calculated for two groups: DCSP ≥ 1 ≤ 5 and DCSP ≥ 6 ≤ 8 since categories 9 and 10 contained too little cases for valid testing.
  6. # Normal range: 0 - 6; a lower score indicates a better performance.