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Table 1 Information in patient profile

From: Integrative care for the management of low back pain: use of a clinical care pathway

History • Activity and employment status
  • Description of LBP
  • Response to previous treatment
  • Co-morbidities and medications
Examination • Vitals (height, weight, blood pressure)
  • Orthopedic exam (Lasegue, Patrick Fabre, Kemp, Gaenslen, Femoral Nerve Stretch)
  • Neurologic exam (motor, sensory, reflex evaluation)
  • Soft tissue evaluation
Imaging • X-ray results (obtained if clinically warranted)
  • DEXA results (obtained if clinically warranted)
Biomechanical Assessment • Torso strength (flexion, extension)
  • Torso endurance (flexion, extension, lateral bridge)
  • Lumbar range of motion (flexion, extension, lateral bending, rotation)
Psychosocial Assessment • Disability (modified Roland Morris)[32, 33]
  • General health status (EuroQol) [34, 35]
  • Fear avoidance (Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire)[36]
  • Kinesiophobia (Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia)[37]
  • Coping style (Vanderbilt Pain Management Inventory)[38, 39]
  • Pain self-efficacy (PSEQ)[40]
  • Depression (CES-D)[41, 42]
Preferences • Which modalities were preferred
  • Expectations for improvement with each modality (5 point scale)