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Table 2 Factor loadings of the items regarding patient safety culture

From: Validity and reliability of Turkish version of "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture" and perception of patient safety in public hospitals in Turkey

Items F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 F10
We are informed about errors that happen in this unit 0,68          
Staff feel free to question the decisions or actions of those with more authority 0,66          
Staff will freely speak up if they see something that may negatively affect patient care 0,60          
Staff are afraid to ask questions when something does not seem right 0,60          
We are given feedback about changes put into place based on event reports 0,56          
In this unit, we discuss ways to prevent errors from happening again 0,54          
Shift changes are problematic for patients in this hospital   0,68         
Important patient care information is often lost during shift changes   0,68         
Things fall between the cracks when transferring patients from one unit to another   0,61         
It is often unpleasant to work with staff from other hospital units   0,58         
Problems often occur in the exchange of information across hospital units   0,46         
Staff in this unit work longer hours than is best for patient care    -0,73        
After we make changes to improve patient safety, we evaluate their effectiveness    0,51        
We are actively doing things to improve patient safety    0,49        
People support one another in this unit     0,77       
In this unit, people treat each other with respect     0,77       
When one area in this unit gets really busy, others help out     0,72       
When a lot of work needs to be done quickly, we work together as a team to get the work done     0,62       
Hospital management provides a work climate that promotes patient safety      0,69      
Hospital units do not coordinate well with each other      0,65      
There is good cooperation among hospital units that need to work together      0,63      
The actions of hospital management show that patient safety is a top priority      0,62      
Hospital units work well together to provide the best care for patients      0,57      
Hospital management seems interested in patient safety only after an adverse event happens      0,55      
Mistakes have led to positive changes here       0,66     
When an event is reported, it feels like the person is being written up, not the problem       0,84     
Staff feel like their mistakes are held against them       -,54     
Staff worry that mistakes they make are kept in their personnel file       -,38     
We use more agency/temporary staff than is best for patient care        -,80    
We have enough staff to handle the workload        0,61    
We work in crisis mode, trying to do too much, too quickly        0,55    
Our procedures and systems are good at preventing errors from happening         0,57   
It is just by chance that more serious mistakes don't happen around here         0,54   
Patient safety is never sacrificed to get more work done         0,51   
We have patient safety problems in this unit         0,40   
When a mistake is made, but has no potential to harm the patient, how often is this reported?          0,89  
When a mistake is made, but is caught and corrected before affecting the patient, how often is this reported?          0,87  
When a mistake is made that could harm the patient, but does not, how often is this reported?          0,78  
My supervisor/manager seriously considers staff suggestions for improving patient safety           0,76
My supervisor/manager says a good word when he/she sees a job done according to established patient safety procedures           0,76
My supervisor/manager overlooks patient safety problems that happen over and over           0,51
Whenever pressure builds up, my supervisor/manager wants us to work faster, even if it means taking shortcuts           0,36