Skip to main content

Table 4 Cross-countries comparison of percent of average positive responses in patient safety climate factors of the HSOPS to responses from operating theatre personnel at Haukeland University Hospital in October-November 2009

From: Patient safety in surgical environments: Cross-countries comparison of psychometric properties and results of the Norwegian version of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety

  United States [2] Netherlandsa Norway [8] Norway
Patient safety climate factors of the HSOPSb Hospital environment
n= 338,607
Hospital environment
n= 3,779
Hospital
environment
n= 1,919
Operating environment
n= 358
  % % % %
  Outcome variables     
1.    Overall safety 65 52 - 57
2.    Frequency of events 62 38 28 31
     Unit-level factors     
3. Leaders' expectations 75 62 72 65
4.    Continuous improvement 72 47 50 46
5.    Teamwork within units 80 84 68 57
6.    Open communication 62 69 64 58
7.    Error feedback 63 49 40 37
8.    Non-punitive 44 67 72 72
9.    Adequate staffing 56 62 49 52
     Hospital-level factors     
10.    Management support 72 32 25 22
11.    Teamwork across units 58 28 31 32
12    Handoffs and transitions 44 40 39 31
Total average sum score 63 53 49 47
  1. a Source: Wagner C, Smits M. Patient safety culture. Differences between professions and countries http://internationalforum.bmj.com/2010-forum/presentation-slides/wednesday/A7%20Wagner,%20Smits.pdf
  2. b Complete labels: 1: overall perceptions of safety; 2: frequency of events reported; 3; supervisors' or managers' expectations and actions promoting patient safety; 4: organizational learning - continuous improvement; 5: teamwork within units; 6: communication openness; 7: feedback and communication about error; 8: non-punitive response to error; 9: adequate staffing; 10: hospital management support for patient safety; 11: teamwork across hospital units; 12: hospital handoffs and transitions.