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Table 4 Relationships between safety culture measured by the SAQ-C and safety behaviors (positive = 1, negative = 0); comparing the odds ratio (and 95% confidence interval) between those with and without (reference group) positive attitudes to the teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, perception of management, and working conditions by generalized estimation equation models, adjusting for the clustering effects at hospital levels.

From: Hospital Safety Culture in Taiwan: A Nationwide Survey Using Chinese Version Safety Attitude Questionnaire

Safety Behaviors Safety Attitude Questionnaire (Chinese version)
  Teamwork Climate Safety Climate Job Satisfaction Perception of Management Working Conditions
Good collaboration with      
   Nurses 1.445
(1.428, 1.462)
1.416
(1.400, 1.431)
1.438
(1.422, 1.454)
1.469
(1.453, 1.486)
1.453
(1.438, 1.468)
   Physicians 1.498
(1.479, 1.517)
1.471
(1.453, 1.489)
1.513
(1.495, 1.532)
1.527
(1.508, 1.546)
1.566
(1.548, 1.585)
   Pharmacists 1.371
(1.352, 1.390)
1.422
(1.402, 1.442)
1.445
(1.425, 1.465)
1.489
(1.468, 1.509)
1.527
(1.506, 1.548)
Encouraging safety reporting 1.452
(1.433, 1.471)
1.579
(1.559, 1.599)
1.488
(1.468, 1.507)
1.608
(1.588, 1.628)
1.492
(1.472, 1.512)
Prioritizing safety training 1.367
(1.352, 1.383)
1.406
(1.391, 1.421)
1.357
(1.342, 1.372)
1.465
(1.443, 1.489)
1.447
(1.434, 1.461)
Service delay by communication breakdowns 0.982
(0.971, 0.993)
0.999
(0.987, 1.010)
0.992
(0.981, 1.010)
0.994
(0.983, 1.020)
0.992
(0.984, 1.010)