Skip to main content

Table 4 Adjusted hazard ratios (HR) of decline (N = 241)

From: Should the provision of home help services be contained?: Validation of the new preventive care policy in Japan

  Percentage declined Age adjusted Multivariate adjusted**
   HR (95% CI*) p value HR (95% CI*) p value
Gender      
   Male 31.9 1.0 (Ref.) - 1.0 (Ref.) -
   Female 25.3 0.81(0.50-1.32) 0.401 0.68(0.38-1.22) 0.195
Income Level      
   Low 26.3 1.0(Ref.) - 1.0(Ref.) -
   Middle 30.4 1.06(0.56-2.02) 0.849 1.14(0.58-2.25) 0.694
   High 28.6 1.12(0.65-1.93) 0.690 1.02(0.54-1.94) 0.954
Caregiver      
   Spouse 22.9 1.0 (Ref.) - 1.0 (Ref.) -
   Other family member (same household) 33.9 1.39(0.65-2.94) 0.393 1.47(0.63-3.45) 0.378
   Other family member (separate household) 31.0 1.41(0.70-2.86) 0.333 2.25(0.89-5.65) 0.084
   None 18.2 0.88(0.35-2.22) 0.789 1.66(0.52-5.29) 0.396
Time when caregiver can provide care      
   24 hours 33.3 1.0 (Ref.) - 1.0 (Ref.) -
   Not during day time working hours 35.7 1.17(0.60-2.28) 0.652 1.08(0.49-2.35) 0.851
   Episodic or none 22.9 0.75(0.39-1.43) 0.385 0.67(0.27-1.70) 0.404
Use of service      
   Day care services 37.3 1.0 (Ref.) - 1.0 (Ref.) -
   Home help services 20.9 0.54(0.32-0.91) 0.022 0.55(0.31-0.98) 0.043
  1. * Confidence Interval ** Adjusted for all listed variables