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Table 3 Cohort characteristics at baseline (N = 241)

From: Should the provision of home help services be contained?: Validation of the new preventive care policy in Japan

  Day care services
(n = 102)
Home help services
(n = 139)
P value
Age, mean ± SD 82.1 ± 6.7 77.5 ± 5.5 0.000
Gender      
   Male 36 (35.3) 55 (39.6) 0.591
   Female 66 (64.7) 84 (60.4)  
Economic status *      
   Low 47 (46.1) 71 (51.1) 0.644
   Middle 22 (21.6) 24 (17.3)  
   High 33 (32.4) 44 (31.7)  
Caregiver      
   Spouse 27 (29.8) 21 (13.9) 0.000
   Other family (same household) 41 (36.0) 21 (15.3)  
   Other family (separate household) 30 (28.1) 57 (42.4)  
   None 4 (6.1) 30 (28.5)  
Time when caregiver can provide care      
   24 hours 36 (35.3) 9 (6.5) 0.000
   Not during day time working hours 35 (34.3) 21 (15.1)  
   Episodic or none 31 (30.4) 109 (78.4)  
  1. * Economic status is classified as low: household tax-exempt, middle: individual tax-exempt but household taxed, high: individual taxed.