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Table 1 Characteristics of the Spanish study population and U.S. benchmark population.

From: Applying diagnosis and pharmacy-based risk models to predict pharmacy use in Aragon, Spain: The impact of a local calibration

  Spanish Data U.S. Data
  Under 65 population Over 65 population Under 65 population Over 65 population
Demographic Characteristics (Year-1)
Age (years) %         
   0-4 6.8 --- 6.6 ---
   5-11 7.6 --- 11.6 ---
   12-17 6.2 --- 10.3 ---
   18-34 28.8 --- 24.5 ---
   35-44 16.2 --- 19.5 ---
   45-54 16.8 --- 17.3 ---
   55-64 17.6 --- 10.2 ---
   65-69 --- 24.3 --- 24.0
   70-74 --- 27.3 --- 28.9
   75-79 --- 22.6 --- 22.3
   80-84 --- 15.7 --- 14.6
   >85 --- 10.1 --- 10.2
Age (years) mean 34.5 75.0 31.5 75.4
Female % 54.9 58.5 51.5 57.8
Clinical characteristics (Year-1)
Chronic conditions %         
   None 59.3 8.3 68.1 13.3
   1 24.4 19.1 17.4 14.1
   2 or more 16.3 72.6 14.5 72.6
Mean no. of chronic conditions 0.7 2.7 0.6 3.2
Prevalence of the diseases:         
   Hypertension % 9.2 54.8 7.7 53.9
   Hyperlipidaemia % 10.6 32.7 7.3 35.0
   Depression % 6.3 11.9 3.6 3.3
   Diabetes % 3.3 18.4 2.7 18.4
   Asthma % 5.0 4.2 3.7 4.0
   CHF % 0.2 3.8 0.3 7.2
Pharmacy expenditure (Year-2)
Mean pharmacy expenditure 228 € 950 € 365 € ($467) 840 € ($1,077)
Mean pharmacy expenditure of:   % of total €   % of total €   % of total $   % of total $
   Highest 1% 4,998 € 21.9 6,838 € 7.2 7,608 €
($10,077)
21.5 11,137 €
($14,764)
13.7
   Highest 5% 2,255 € 49.5 4,064 € 21.4 3,399 €
($4,502)
48.1 4,677 €
($6,200)
28.8
   Highest 10% 1,518 € 66.7 3,214 € 33.8 2,312 €
($3,062)
65.4 3,302 €
($4,377)
40.6
   Highest 30% 693 € 91.3 2,083 € 65.8 1,090 €
($1,443)
92.4 1,922 €
($2,548)
71.0
   Highest 50% 443 € 97.2 1,601 € 84.3 701 €
($928)
99.0 1,444 €
($1,914)
88.9
  1. Source of currency rate: XE.com Currency Services as of 23/01/2009.
  2. CHF: Congestive Heart Failure.