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Table 3 Epidemiological data for potentially preventable hospitalisations during the first two years of life by economic status

From: Poverty related risk for potentially preventable hospitalisations among children in Taiwan

  All children Poverty Near poverty Middle income High income
  (n = 218,158) (n = 1,829) (n = 54,073) (n = 109,382) (n = 52,874)
Five disease categories combined
% of children using hospital care 19.3% 29.4% 19.6% 20.4% 16.6%
Total length of stay (in days; mean) 1.35 4.01 1.46 1.41 1.04
   Ratio: length of staya   3.9 1.4 1.4 ref.
Total inpatient care expenses (in NT dollars; mean) 5,125.7 16,618.6 5,686.2 5,213.9 3,972.4
   Ratio: expenseb   4.2 1.4 1.3 ref.
Number of admissions (mean) 0.3 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.2
Number of outpatient visits (mean) 34.7 32.8 33.5 36.5 32.3
Gastroenteritis and dehydration
% of children using hospital care 4.9% 6.9% 5.0% 5.3% 4.1%
Total length of stay (in days; mean) 0.21 0.42 0.22 0.22 0.16
   Ratio: length of staya   2.5 1.3 1.3 ref.
Total inpatient care expenses (in NT dollars; mean) 627.9 1,337.4 664.2 658.2 503.5
   Ratio: expenseb   2.7 1.3 1.3 ref.
Number of admissions (mean) 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.04
Number of outpatient visits (mean) 2.5 2.2 2.5 2.7 2.4
Asthma and chronic bronchitis
% of children using hospital care 0.3% 0.7% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2%
Total length of stay (in days; mean) 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.01
   Ratio: length of staya   4.0 1.8 1.6 ref.
Total inpatient care expenses (in NT dollars; mean) 54.9 121.6 67.2 56.8 36.1
   Ratio: expenseb   3.4 1.9 1.6 ref.
Number of admissions (mean) 0.003 0.009 0.004 0.003 0.002
Number of outpatient visits (mean) 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Acute upper respiratory infections
% of children using hospital care 4.2% 4.8% 4.3% 4.5% 3.5%
Total length of stay (in days; mean) 0.17 0.24 0.18 0.18 0.14
   Ratio: length of staya   1.8 1.3 1.4 ref.
Total inpatient care expenses (in NT dollars; mean) 519.8 706.6 539.5 556.7 416.7
   Ratio: expenseb   1.7 1.3 1.3 ref.
Number of admissions (mean) 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.04
Number of outpatient visits (mean) 25.2 22.7 24.3 26.6 23.5
Lower respiratory infections
% of children using hospital care 12.5% 23.5% 12.8% 13.2% 10.5%
Total length of stay (in days; mean) 0.91 3.04 0.99 0.94 0.69
   Ratio: length of staya   4.4 1.4 1.4 ref.
Total inpatient care expenses (in NT dollars; mean) 3,420.1 11,975.5 3,740.4 3,491.3 2,649.0
   Ratio: expenseb   4.5 1.4 1.3 ref.
Number of admissions (mean) 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.1
Number of outpatient visits (mean) 5.9 6.7 5.7 6.3 5.4
Acute injuries and poisonings
% of children using hospital care 0.8% 2.0% 1.0% 0.9% 0.6%
Total length of stay (in days; mean) 0.05 0.27 0.06 0.05 0.04
   Ratio: length of staya   7.4 1.7 1.3 ref.
Total inpatient care expenses (in NT dollars; mean) 503.1 2,477.4 674.9 451.0 367.0
   Ratio: expenseb   6.8 1.8 1.2 ref.
Number of admissions (mean) 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01
Number of outpatient visits (mean) 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7
  1. 1USD = 32 NT dollars as of March 2010.
  2. a This row shows length of stay ratios of the other three economic categories to the high-income category. One digit after the decimal point is reported, which may introduce rounding error.
  3. b This row lists expense ratios of the other three economic categories to the high-income category. One digit after the decimal point is reported, which may introduce rounding error.