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Table 2 Symptom distribution by gender

From: Factor analysis of the clustering of common somatic symptoms: a preliminary study

  Male
(n = 437)
Female
(n = 246)
P-value1
Dizziness 14 (3.2) 20 (8.1) < 0.001*
Headache 13 (3.0) 20 (8.1) < 0.001*
Tinnitus 24 (5.5) 13 (5.3) 0.850
Lump in throat 22 (5.0) 21 (8.5) 0.229
Neck pain or stiffness 45 (10.3) 42 (17.1) 0.061
Chest pain 21 (4.8) 12 (4.9) 0.063
Sensation of dyspnea or asphyxia 8 (1.8) 6 (20.4) 0.410
Palpitation 12 (2.8) 15 (6.0) 0.044*
Poor appetite 10 (2.3) 14 (5.7) 0.021*
Stomach ache or abdominal discomfort 25 (5.7) 27 (11.0) 0.031*
Constipation or diarrhea 16 (3.6) 24 (9.7) 0.001*
Low back pain 44 (11.1) 31 (12.6) 0.013*
Sensation of anesthesia 26 (6.0) 27 (11.0) 0.047*
Sensation of heavy limbs 9 (2.1) 21 (8.6) < 0.001*
Joint pain 23 (5.2) 24 (9.8) 0.004*
Muscle weakness 17 (3.9) 17 (6.9) 0.155
Itchiness 15 (3.5) 12 (4.9) 0.478
Cold sweating 9 (2.1) 9 (3.6) 0.705
Feeling too warm or cold 1 (0.2) 7 (2.8) < 0.001*
Shuddering 2 (0.4) 4 (1.6) 0.422
Muscle pain 25 (5.7) 23 (9.4) 0.115
Frequent micturition 14 (3.2) 22 (8.9) 0.009*
  1. Data presented as number (percent).
  2. Note: Severe and very severe symptoms were combined due to the sample size in each category.
  3. 1Chi-square test was used.
  4. *Significantly different between genders, P < 0.05.