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Table 2 Description of included studies

From: Response to symptoms of stroke in the UK: a systematic review

First author, yr published, Study type, data collection tool, year conducted Study participants (n=) Question(s) addressed Recruitment
    Awareness of symptoms Response to symptoms of stroke Beliefs & attitudes  
Salisbury[15]
1998
Prospective cohort
Structured interview schedule
1997
Stroke patients (177) *   New and recurrent stroke admissions to one hospital over a 6 month period.
Carroll[18]
2004
Survey Stroke/TIA patients (40) * 3 groups: patients with a diagnosis of stroke or TIA admitted within previous 48 hours; at risk patients attending hypertension, diabetic and chronic renal failure out-patient clinics; patients and relatives on non medical wards and visitors to the hospital café.
  Structured interview schedule & open ended questions At risk patents (40)    
  2001/2 General public (40)   Response rates not given.
Townend[21]
2006
Mixed methods
Structured interview & semi-structured interview 1 month after stroke & structured interview 9 months after stroke
2000/1
Stroke patients (89)    Patients admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of stroke.
Giles[22]
2006
Survey
Structured interview schedule
2002/3
TIA patients (241) *   2 cohorts of patients with TIA: one from a population-based study of the incidence of TIA and stroke (Oxford vascular study) and the other of patients referred to hospital TIA out-patient clinics recruited over a 12 month period.
Lasserson [14] 2008 Survey
Structured interview schedule
2002/6
Minor stroke/TIA patients (768)     A population based incidence study. Participants recruited from 9 general practices over a 4 year period (Oxford vascular study).
Shah[23]
2007
Survey
Structured interview schedule
2002/3
Stroke patients & witnesses (103) * (patients only) Patients recently admitted with acute ischaemic stroke and witnesses.
Harraf[13]
2002
Observational study
Structured proforma
2000
Stroke patients (739)     Consecutive patients admitted to 11 teaching hospital and 11 district general hospitals with symptoms suggestive of an acute stroke over a 4 week period.
Harbison[17]
2004
Survey
2000
Stroke/TIA patients (487)     The medical records of consecutive patients referred to a stroke service were prospectively studied over a six month period.
Parahoo[19]
2003
Postal survey
2001
General public (892)   Participants were randomly selected from electoral register.
Morgan[20]
2005
Postal survey
Self-completion questionnaire
2003/4
General public (139)   Patients aged 40-65 were randomly selected from a general practice register.
57% response rate.
Gupta[16]
2002
Survey
Structured interview schedule
1999
At risk patients (410)    Patients attending a hospital clinic over an 8 month period with one or more established risk factors for stroke/TIA.
Response rate not given.
  1. *Patients were not tested on knowledge of symptoms but asked if they recognised they were having a stroke