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Table 5 Construct reliability and internal correlation of HSOPSC.

From: Measuring patient safety culture in Taiwan using the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC)

factor 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
1 1.00            
2 0.282 1.00           
3 0.305 0.475 1.00          
4 0.233 0.363 0.392 1.00         
5 0.297 0.463 0.500 0.382 1.00        
6 0.068 0.106 0.115 0.087 0.112 1.00       
7 0.107 0.167 0.180 0.138 0.176 0.040 1.00      
8 0.065 0.101 0.109 0.083 0.106 0.024 0.038 1.00     
9 0.301 0.468 0.560 0.387 0.493 0.113 0.178 0.463 1.00    
10 0.258 0.402 0.435 0.332 0.424 0.097 0.153 0.093 0.429 1.00   
11 0.279 0.435 0.470 0.359 0.458 0.105 0.165 0.100 0.108 0.398 1.00  
12 0.242 0.377 0.409 0.312 0.397 0.091 0.143 0.087 0.402 0.346 0.373 1.00
CR 0.782 0.734 0.704 0.681 0.516 0.357 0.506 0.527 0.691 0.511 0.761 0.702
  1. Note: 1 Teamwork within units; 2 Supervisor/manager expectation and actions promoting safety; 3 Hospital management support for patient safety; 4 Organizational learning--continuous improvement; 5 Overall perception of safety; 6 Feedback and communication abort error; 7 Communication openness; 8 Frequency of event reporting; 9 Teamwork across hospital units; 10 Staffing; 11 Hospital handoffs and transitions; and 12 Nonpunitive response to error.