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Table 3 Respondents' self-reported health on EQ-5D before diagnosis of coeliac disease (retrospective) and now: number and percent by level of response, and UK population norms (percent)*1.

From: Impact of symptoms on quality of life before and after diagnosis of coeliac disease: results from a UK population survey

EQ-5D question: Level 1:
No problems
Level 2:
Some problems
Level 3:
Severe problems
  N % N % N %
Mobility:       
   before diagnosis 524 75 159 23 14 2
   Now 602 86* 93 13 2 0
   UK population norm   78   22   0
Self-care:       
   before diagnosis 648 93 35 5 14 2
   Now 673 97* 18 3 6 1
   UK population norm   93   6   0
Usual activities:       
   before diagnosis 403 58 249 36 45 6
   Now 574 82* 116 17 7 1
   UK population norm   78   19   3
Pain:       
   before diagnosis 153 22 349 50 195 28
   Now 416 60* 252 36 29 4
   UK population norm   58   37   4
Anxiety/depression:       
   before diagnosis 351 50 259 37 87 12
   Now 518 74* 163 23 16 2
   UK population norm   75   23   2
  1. *Proportion reporting no problem significantly different now compared to before diagnosis (McNemar-Bowker Chi-square test, p < 0.01)
  2. 1 UK population norms from Health Survey for England 1996, standardised to age distribution of Coeliac UK survey respondents now.